DOI: https://doi.org/10.30840/2413-7065.3(76).2020.213207

Концепт ідентичності українства в умовах соціокультурних трансформацій: загрози національній безпеці в гуманітарній сфері (історіографія проблеми)

Тetiana Bevz

Анотація


У сучасному світі зростає інтерес до проблеми ідентичності, її визначення, формування, множинності, розколотості та багатогранності. У статті аналізуються наукові дослідження зарубіжних та вітчизняних психологів, психоаналітиків, істориків, соціологів, соціальних антропологів, філософів, політологів щодо концептів «ідентичність», «українська ідентичність», «ідентичність та національна безпека». Зазначено, що «у соціогуманітарній сфері наукового знання ідентичність – термін настільки ж загальновживаний, наскільки розмитий».
Важливою формою соціальної ідентичності виступає етнічність, або ототожнення себе з певною культурною традицією чи спільністю. У цьому контексті значний інтерес для дослідників становить національна ідентичність, яка передбачає усвідомлення особливостей своєї нації і демонстрацію належності до неї. Проаналізовані монографії та наукові статті, які розкривають сутність української ідентичності, а також історію становлення української ідентичності за часів незалежності України. Зазначено, що «українська ідентичність не тотожна ані національній, ані етнічній» і «українську ідентичність іще треба «перебудувати».
Зміни у формуванні ідентичності пов’язують з процесом глобалізації. Однак проблема національної ідентичності в контексті глобалізації не одержала належного осмислення. Визначено, що відсутність сформованої спільної ідентичності, яка б поєднувала більшість громадян, не лише суттєво уповільнює поступальний розвиток українського суспільства, а й створює або критично посилює низку загроз національній безпеці країни.
Дослідники відзначають, що «українська ідентичність і національна безпека – це базові цінності українського буття», які взаємопов’язані і взаємозалежні та виступають фундаментальними основами існування українського соціуму і держави, на яких вибудовується майбутнє України.


Ключові слова


концепт; ідентичність; українська ідентичність; національна безпека; соціокультурні трансформації; гуманітарна сфера; загрози; зарубіжні та вітчизняні науковці

Повний текст:

PDF

Посилання


Anderson, B. (2000). Imaginary Communities. Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. Moscow: KANON-Pres-Ts, Kuchkovo Pole, 288 p. [in Rus.]

AndrIEIEva, O. (2009). National Security of Ukraine in the Context of National Identity and Relations with Russia. Kyiv: Parlamentske vydavnytstvo, 360 p. [in Ukr.]

Bauman, Z. (2002). From a Pilgrim to a Tourist, or a Brief History of Identity. In: National Identity: A Textbook. Kharkіv: Krok, pp. 279–297. [in Rus.]

Berger, P., Lukman, T. (1995). Social Construction of Reality. Moscow: Medium, 323 p. [in Rus.]

BrubEIker, R. (2012). Ethnicity without Groups. Moscow: Higher School of Economics Press, 408 p. [in Rus.]

BrubEIker, R., Kuper, F. (2002). Beyond “Identity”. Ab Imperio, (3), pp. 61–115. [in Rus.]

Vіlson, E. (2004). Ukrainians: An Unexpected Nation. Kyiv: K.І.S, 378 p. [in Ukr.]

VlasIuk, O. (2016). National Security of Ukraine: The Evolution of Domestic Policy Problems: Selected Scientific Works. Kyiv: National Institute for Strategic Studies, 528 p. [in Ukr.]

HaIvoronIuk, N. (2014). Ukrainian Identity as an Ontological Basis of National Security (A Socio-Psychological Aspect). Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoho derzhavnoho universytetu vnutrishnikh sprav. Seriia psykholohichna (Scientific Bulletin of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs. Psychology Series), [online] Vol. 2 (1), pp. 38–48. Available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nvldu_2012_2(1)__7 [in Ukr.]

Hazіzova, O. (2016). Threats to National Security in the Sphere of Identity of Ethnic Groups of Crimea at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Ukrainoznavchyi almanakh (Ukrainian Studies Almanac), Vol. 19, pp. 156–161. [in Ukr.]

Hazіzova, O. (2018). Crimean “Knot” of Identities: Russian Annexation and the Issue of Preserving the National Identity of the Crimean People. Ukrainoznavchyi almanakh (Ukrainian Studies Almanac), Vol. 23. Kyiv: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, pp. 25–31. [in Ukr.]

HladIak, T. (2015). European Identity in EU Documents. [online]. Available at: http://www.lnu.edu.ua/personal/mdlviv/visnyk/15/identycznistj.html [in Ukr.]

HnatIuk, O. (2005). Farewell to the Empire: Ukrainian Discussions of Identity. Kyiv: Krytyka, 528 p. [in Ukr.]

HnatIuk, O. (Dec. 2005). Farewell to the Empire: Ukrainian Discussions of Identity. [online]. Available at: https://m.krytyka.com/ua/reviews/proshchannya-z-imperiieyu-ukrayinski-dyskusiyi-pro-identychnist [in Ukr.]

GudzYk, K. (Jan. 15, 2005). Historiography and Ukrainian Identity. Den. [in Ukr.]

HrabovskYI, S., Losev, І. (Nov. 13, 2013). Ukrainian Identity: Problems and Challenges. Den. [in Ukr.]

HrYTSak, Ya. (2013). On the Possibility of Building a Political Nation in a Particular Country (Ukraine), or What the Experience of Poland Teaches Us. [online] Available at: http://www.ji.lviv.ua/n13texts/hrycak.htm [in Ukr.]

HrYTSak, Ya. (June 2016). Ukrainian Identity. Krytyka. [online] Available at: https://m.krytyka.com/ua/articles/ukrayinska-identychnist [in Ukr.]

Demchuk, R. (2014). Ukrainian Identity in the Mode of Mythologems: A Monograph. Kyiv: Starodavnіi svіt, 236 p. [in Ukr.]

Dzhadt, T. (2010). The People of the Frontier. Krytyka, Vol. 9–10, pp. 44–45. [in Ukr.]

Dzoban, O. (2006). National Security in Terms of Social Transformations (Research Methodology and Support): A Monograph. Kharkiv: Konstanta, 440 p. [in Ukr.]

Dobrzhanska, O. (2008). Political Identity of Ukrainian Society in Terms of European Integration. [Thesis for Candidate of Political Sciences degree. Specialty: 23.00.03]. Kyiv, 215 p. [in Ukr.]

erikson, E. (1996). Identity: Youth and Crisis. Moscow: Progress, 342 p. [in Rus.]

Bart, F., ed., (2006). Ethnic Groups and Social Boundaries: The Social Organization of Cultural Differences: Collection of Articles. Moscow: Novoye izdatelstvo, 200 p. [in Ukr.]

Zhurzhenko, T. (2015). A Divided Nation? Rethinking the Role of Identity Policy in the Ukrainian Crisis. [online] Available at: http://www.historians.in.ua/index.php/en/doslidzhennya/1529 [in Ukr.]

Threats and Crises of the All-Ukrainian Identity. [online] Available at: https://matrix-info.com/zagrozy-ta-kryzy-dlya-zagalnoukrayinskoyi-identychnosti/ [in Ukr.]

Karmazіna, M. (2013). Identities in the Modern Scholarly Discourse. Naukovі zapysky ІPіEND іm. І. F. Kurasa NAN Ukrainy (Scientific Notes of Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine), (3 (65)), pp. 4–29. [in Ukr.]

Karmazіna, M. (2014). Civic Identity in Ukraine in the Context of Foreign Policy Influences. Political Mechanisms of Forming Civic Identity in Modern Ukrainian Society. A Collective Monograph. Kyiv: Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine, pp. 258–285. [in Ukr.]

KYrYdon, A. (2015). European Identity: The Structuring of Semantic Space. Yevropeiski istorychni studii (European Historical Studies), (2), pp. 26–53. [in Ukr.]

KYrYdon, A. (2016). European Identity: Manifestation in the Context of Globalization. [online] Available at: http://eprints.zu.edu.ua/25668/ [in Ukr.]

KYrYdon, A., TroIan, S. (2015). The Problem of European Identity in Modern Scientific Discourse. Istoryko-politychni problemy suchasnoho svitu (Historical and Political Problems of the Modern World), Vol. 31–32, pp. 159–166. [in Ukr.]

KYselov, S., SalnYkova, A. (2003). National Identity of Ukrainians. Dilemma of the Cultural and Sociopolitical. Politychnyi menedzhment (Political Management), (2), pp. 31– 40. [in Ukr.]

KozloveTS, M. (2009). European Identity: Unification or “Unity in Diversity”? Humanіtarnyi vіsnyk Zaporіzkoi derzhavnoi іnzhenernoi akademіi (Humanitarian Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia State Engineering Academy), Vol. 37, pp. 72–86. [in Ukr.]

KozloveTS, M. (2009). The Phenomenon of National Identity: Globalization Challenges: A Monograph. Zhytomyr: Zhytomyr I. Franko State University Press, 558 p. [in Ukr.]

KostIuk, P. (2018). Identity Code. Military Pages of the History of Ukraine and Not Only… Lviv: Universum; Space-M, 456 p. [in Ukr.]

KulYk, V. (2010). Discourse of the Ukrainian Media: Identities, Ideologies, Power Relations. Kyiv: Krytyka, 656 p. [in Ukr.]

KulYk, V. (1999). Ukrainian Nationalism in Independent Ukraine. Kyiv: KM Academia, 63 p. [in Ukr.]

LYsYI, І. (2012). The Concept of National Identity in the Study of Culture. Mandrіvets, (4), pp. 74–78. [in Ukr.]

LozovYI, V. (Apr. 24, 2018). The Concept of National Identity in the Study of Culture. [online] Available at: https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubric-society/2447267-donbas-ak-veli-vijnu-proti-ukrainskoi-identicnosti.html [in Ukr.]

LozovYI, V. (2018). Manipulation by History as a Political Instrument for Dividing Ukraine: Strategies and Practices of Constructing Anti-Ukrainian Identity in Donbas. Stratehichni priorytety (Strategic Priorities), (3–4 (48)), pp. 147–154. [in Ukr.]

MaIboroda, O. (2000). The Problem of Forming a New Identity of the Ukrainian Nation. Ethnic Groups of Ukraine. An Almanac, Vol. 1. Kyiv, pp. 15–16. [in Ukr.]

Malanchuk, O., ChernYsh, N., Susak, V. (2016). A Forced Choice: Identities and Attitudes before and after Euromaidan. Ukrainskyi sotsium (Ukrainian Socіety), (4 (59)), pp. 8‒20. [in Ukr.]

MaTSkіv, T. (2017). Language and Identity: A Ukrainian Dimension. [online] Available at: http://journal.ndiu.org.ua/article/view/120343 [in Ukr.]

MelnYk, N. (2013). Conceptualizing the Concept of “Political Identity”: A Set of Definitions and Approaches. Naukovі zapysky ІPіEND іm. І. F. Kurasa NAN Ukrainy (Scientific Notes of Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine), (3 (65)), pp. 29–38. [in Ukr.]

NaHorna, L. (2002). Natіonal Identity in Ukraine. Kyiv: Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine, 271p. [in Ukr.]

NaHorna, L. (2008). Regіonal Identity: Ukrainian Context. Kyiv: Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine, 405 p. [in Ukr.]

NaHorna, L. (2011). Socіocultural Identity: Traps of Value Distinctions. Kyiv: Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine, 272 p. [in Ukr.]

National Identity and Civil Society. (2015). Kyiv: Dukh і lіtera, 464 p. [in Ukr.]

DEIVIS, N. (July 2014). Now Is the Time for the Emergence of an Inclusive Ukrainian Identity. Krytyka. [online] Available at: https://m.krytyka.com/ua/articles/norman-deyvis-teper-ie-moment-koly-vynykaie-inklyuzyvna-ukrayinska-identychnist [in Ukr.]

PalіI, H. (2003). The Problem of Forming the Ukrainian Political Nation: The Aspect of National Identity. Polіtichnyi menedzhment (Political Management), (1), pp. 93–100. [in Ukr.]

PalіI, H. (2005). Formation of a Single National Identity in the Context of Realization of National Interests of Ukraine. [Thesis for Candidate of Political Sciences degree. Specialty: 23.00.05]. Kyiv, 214 p. [in Ukr.]

PasіchnYk, V. (2013). Functions of the National Idea in Ensuring National Security. Visnyk Natsionalnoi akademii derzhavnoho upravlinnia. Filosofiia, metodolohiia, teoriia ta istoriia derzhavnoho upravlinnia (Bulletin of the National Academy of Public Administration. Philosophy, Methodology, Theory and History of Public Administration), (11), pp. 37–44. [in Ukr.]

PashYna, N. (2012). The Concept of Polіtical Identity in the Ukrainian Political Science. Polіtichnyi menedzhment (Political Management), (4–5), pp.180–190. [in Ukr.]

PelaHesha, N. (2007). European Identity: Content, Functions, Mechanisms of Formation. Multiversum. Filosofskyi almanakh: zbirnyk naukovykh prats (Multiversum. Philosophical Almanac: Collected Scientific Works), Vol. 60. Kyiv, pp. 12–34. [in Ukr.]

PelaHesha, N. (2008). Ukraine in Postmodern Semantic Wars: Transformation of Ukrainian National Identity in the Context of Globalization. Kyiv: National Institute for Strategic Studies, 288 p. [in Ukr.]

Petrіv, H. (2017). Sociolinguistic Dimensions of the Concept of National Identity in the Frame of Ukrainian Reality. Naukovyi vіsnyk Drohobytskoho derzhavnoho pedahohіchnoho unіversitetu іmenі Іvana Franka. Ser.: Fіlolohіchnі nauky (movoznavstvo) (Scientific Bulletin of Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University. Philology Series (Linguistics)), (7), pp. 140–144. [in Ukr.]

Petrunok, B. (2012). The Concept of Identity in the Context of Ukrainian Studies. Visnyk Kyivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka. Ukrainoznavstvo (Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Ukrainian Studies), (16), pp. 14–16. [in Ukr.]

Identity Policy in Ukraine: Conceptual Approaches, Main Tasks, and Implementation Mechanisms. (2011). In: M. Rozumnyi, O. Kornіievskyi, V. Yablonskyi, S. Yanіshchevskyi, eds., Ukraina: polіtychnі stratehii modernіzatsіi: zb. naukovo-analіtychnykh dop. (Ukraine: Political Strategies of Modernization: Collected Scientific and Analytical Reports). Kyiv: National Іnstitute for Strategic Studies, pp. 7–41. [in Ukr.]

RikEr, P. (1995). Narrative Identity. Hermeneutics. Ethics. Politics: Moscow Lectures and Interviews. Moscow: Akademiia, pp. 19–37. [in Rus.]

Romanenko, O. Identity of the Nation and the Text: How Modern Ukrainian Literature Forms Intense Images of National Identification. [online] Available at: https://litp.kubg.edu.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/306/29 [in Ukr.]

Romanchuk, O. (2006). Ukrainian Identity: More Problems than Achievements. [online] Available at: http://universum.lviv.ua/magazines/universum/2006/2/ident.html [in Ukr.]

Rudenko, Yu. National Identity as a Component of Civilizational Identity in the Context of National Security of Ukraine. [online] Available at: https://ukralmanac.univ.kiev.ua/index.php/ua/article/view/12 [in Ukr.]

RIabchuk, M. (2019). Overcoming Ambivalence. Dichotomy of Ukrainian National Identity. Historical Causes and Political Consequences. Kyiv: Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine, 252 p. [in Ukr.]

RIabchuk, M. (2017). The Test of War: Old Divisions and New Connections in Today’s Ukrainian Society. Ethnopolitical Context of Sociocultural Transformations in Modern Ukraine. Kyiv: Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine, pp. 119–138. [in Ukr.]

SladkYI, D. (2008). National Identity as a Factor in National and International Security. Polіtichnyi menedzhment (Political Management), (2), pp. 110–119. [in Ukr.]

Smіt, A. (1994). National Identity. Kyiv: Osnovy, 223 p. [in Ukr.]

Smіt, A. (2004). Nationalism: Theory, Ideology, History. Kyiv: K.І.S., 170 p. [in Ukr.]

StepYko, M. (2016). Hybrid War as a War of Identities. Stratehіchnі prіorytety (Strategic Priorities), (3 (40)), pp. 163–170. [in Ukr.]

StepYko, M. (2011). Ukrainian Identity: Phenomenon and Principles of Formation: A Monograph. Kyiv: National Іnstitute for Strategic Studies, 336 p. [in Ukr.]

Stepula, N. (Nov. 13, 2008). Ukrainian Identity: Public Discussion without Conclusions. [online] Available at: https://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/1348902.html [in Ukr.]

SudYn, D. (2012). National Identity from a Functionalist Perspective: The Essence and Main Types. Vіsnyk Kharkіvskoho natsіonalnoho unіversitetu іmenі V. N. Karazіna. Serіia “Sotsіolohіchnі doslіdzhennia suchasnoho suspіlstva: metodolohіia, teorіia, metody” (Bulletin of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. “Sociological Research of Modern Society: Methodology, Theory, and Methods” Series), Vol. 29 (993). Kharkiv: V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, pp. 12–16. [in Ukr.]

SudYn, D. (2013). Types of Ukrainian National Identity: Approbation of the Theoretical Concept. Vіsnyk Kharkіvskoho natsіonalnoho unіversitetu іmenі V. N. Karazіna (Bulletin of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University), (1045), pp. 41‒47. [in Ukr.]

Contradictions of Identities in Ukraine and Ways to Regulate Them in the Context of the Policy of Civil Consolidation of the Ukrainian Nation. An Analytical Report. (2015). Kyiv: Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of NAS of Ukraine, 160 p. [in Ukr.]

Susak, V., VashChYnska, І. (2018). Loyalty Component of the “Ukrainian” Identity: Regional Dimensions in the Example of the Cities of Lviv and Donetsk (1994–2010–2015). Ukrainskyi sotsіum (Ukrainian Society), (1), pp. 9‒18. [in Ukr.]

TYtar, O. (2015). Ukrainian National and Cultural Identities in the Globalized World (A Case Study of Sloboda Culture). A Monograph. Kharkіv: V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 347 p. [in Ukr.]

TYKhomYrova, Ye. (2005). Formation of European Identity as a Factor in European Integration. Polіtichnі nauky (Political Sciences), Vol. 45 of Naukovі zapysky (Scientific Proceedings), pp. 56–60. [in Ukr.]

TreHub, H. (2020). Open World and Singularity of Identity. [online] Available at: https://tyzhden.ua/Culture/244730 [in Ukr.]

FukuIama, F. (2020). Identity. The Need for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment. Kyiv: Nash Format, 192 p. [in Ukr.]

KHashYIEva, L. (2014). European Identity as a Factor in European Integration: A United Europe or a Europe of Nations. Teorіia ta praktyka derzhavnoho upravlіnnia (Theory and Practice of Public Administration), Vol. 3, pp. 239–244. [in Ukr.]

ChernіIEnko, V. (2015). Philosophy and Identity. Naukovі zapysky Natsіonalnoho unіversitetu “Ostrozka akademіia”. Serіia “Fіlosofіia” (Scientific Notes of the National University “Ostroh Academy”. Philosophy Series), Vol. 18, pp. 8–18. [in Ukr.]

ChernYsh, N., Susak, V. (2016). Prelude. The Burden of the “Soviet Heritage”: Identification Models of the Inhabitants of Lviv and Donetsk (1994–2010). Ukrainskyi sotsіum (Ukrainian Society), (3 (58)), pp. 8‒19. [in Ukr.]

Shkіlna, І. (2018). Formation of National and Cultural Identity of Older Adolescents in Terms of Frontier. Teoretyko-metodychnі problemy vykhovannia dіtei ta uchnіvskoi molodі (Theoretical and Methodological Problems of Raising Children and Students), (22), pp. 295–306. [in Ukr.]

Shnapper, D. (2007). Community of Citizens. On the Modern Concept of a Nation. Kharkіv: Folіo, 223 p. [in Ukr.]

ShCHolokova, H. (2016). The Concept of “European Identity” in the Political Discourse of the EU. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho universytetu. Politolohiia (Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Politology), (5), pp. 93–100. [in Ukr.]

BrubEIker, R. (1996). Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [in Eng.]

Hall, S., GAY, P., eds., (1996). Introduction: Who Needs ‘Identity’? Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Sage Publications, pp. 1–17. [in Eng.]

Himka, J.-P. (2006). The Basic Historical Identity Formations in Ukraine: A Typology. Harvard Ukrainian Studies, 28 (1–4), pp. 483–500. [in Eng.]

Lévi-Strauss, С. (1977). L’Identité: Séminaire Interdisciplinare. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. [in Fr.]

Riabchuk, M. (2015). “‘Two Ukrai­nes’ Reconsidered: The End of Ukrainian Ambivalence?” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, 15 (1), pp. 138–156. [in Eng.]

Shulman, S. (2005). National Identity and Public Support for Political and Economic Reform in Ukraine. Slavic Review, (64 (1)), pp. 59–87. [in Eng.]

Somers, M. (1994). The Narrative Constitution of Identity: A Relational and Network Approach. Theory and Society, (23), pp. 605–649. [in Eng.]

Tilly, Ch. (1996). Citizenship, Identity, and Social History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–17. [in Eng.]




Copyright (c) 2020 Тetiana Bevz

ISSN 2413-7103 (Online), ISSN 2413-7065 (Print).